eggplants

Vegan μουσακάς λαχανικών με κιμά από φακές και μανιτάρια, ελαφρύς, εύκολος, χωρίς λιπαρά - Vegan, oil-free, easy Greek mousaka - Vegan in Athens

Vegan moussaka with lentils and mushrooms – oil-free, easy and delicious

One of the most famous Greek foods is undoubtedly the Greek moussaka, a baked dish with layers of eggplants and potatoes and a meaty sauce between them. This dish is actually of unknown origin as we can find several variations not only in Greece but also in Turkey as well as other countries. However traditional Greek moussaka has a top layer of bechamel sauce, probably an influence by the French cuisine and moreover it is always served hot. But the famous moussaka in fact is a really complicated, heavy dish, since its original recipe requires to fry all the vegetables, to fry and then cook the meat to make the sauce, to cover with a greasy bechamel and eventually to end up with a mountain of dirty utensils and oils all over the kitchen walls, Well I wouldn’t really call it what one would opt to make for dinner! But an oil-free, vegan moussaka is a completely different story! Rich in nutritional value and with a mouthwatering taste thanks to the variety of vegetables we use, light and much easier to prepare, it has become one of the foods we enjoy regularly during spring and summer when eggplants are on their best.

Overall, I need about one hour to prepare it, since I do not fry anything, but I bake the sliced vegetables for a while in the oven – just as long as they need to soften slightly and eliminate some of their moisture. For the sauce I use lentils, fresh ripe tomatoes, fresh mushrooms and finely chopped nuts for an even better texture and taste. Although some might have objections to the way I prepare my vegan “bechamel”, since I do not add any oily substance to my recipe, I am going to say just try it!

As we cherish all summer vegetables, I used a lot of them for my recipe! So my vegan moussaka is made by three layers of vegetables: slices of selected potatoes at the base of the pan, sweet aubergines in the middle and slices of green courgettes on top. Actually we love this vegan moussaka, as it is oil free, the baked vegetables retain all their taste, it’s delicious, it is made much easier and faster than the classic non vegan moussaka and it incorporates the Greek summer in every bite!

Vegan μουσακάς λαχανικών με κιμά από φακές και μανιτάρια, ελαφρύς, εύκολος, χωρίς λιπαρά - Vegan, oil-free, easy Greek mousaka - Vegan in Athens

Ingredients
(for 6-8 large portions)

for the layers of vegetables

  • 1 large or 2 medium potatoes peeled and thinly sliced (0,5 cm)
  • 3-4 large eggplants, sliced
  • 4-5 large zucchini, thinly sliced

for the mushroom and lentil sauce

  • 1 medium onion, finely chopped
  • 1 clove of garlic, pureed
  • 250 g fresh mushrooms finely chopped (I use oyster mushrooms)
  • 1/2 cup of water
  • 1/2 cup white wine (or extra water)
  • 1 red sweet bell pepper, finely chopped
  • 4 medium ripe tomatoes grated (or blended in a food processor)
  • 1 large carrot coarsely grated
  • 1/2 cup dry lentils
  • 1/2 cup fresh parsley, finely chopped
  • 1/2 cup raw nuts or seeds, slightly chopped but not powdered (we can use almonds, walnuts or sunflower seeds)
  • 1 tsp salt (or according to our taste)
  • 1/2 tsp dried hot chili peppers
  • 1 tsp sweet paprika
  • freshly ground pepper

for the oil free, vegan “bechamel” sauce

  • 4 cups (1 liter) plant based milk, store-bought or homemade without sugar (I like to use unsweetened rice or oat milk)
  • 12 level tbsp all purpose flour
  • 1 or 2 vegan bouillon cubes (store-bought or homemade), depending on how salty we like our sauce (I use two!)
  • freshly ground pepper
  • freshly ground nutmeg (optional)

additionally

  • 3-4 handfuls of grated vegan cheese or nutritional yeast (for a 100% oil free recipe)
  • bread crumbs for sprinkling

Method

1. For the vegetable layers: Cut the eggplants into slices of about 1 cm thick. Salt them and leave them aside for about 30 minutes. That way they will become sweeter! Cut the potatoes and zucchini into thin slices about 1/2 cm. To cut even slices, I use the vegetable mandolin slicer.
2. Lay a large baking pan with non stick paper and put the eggplants and the zucchini slices in the pan. It doesn’t matter if they overlap, since you will bake them just enough to soften, so they will not stick together. Bake in a preheated oven for 30 minutes at 200 ° C. Potatoes do not need to be pre-baked – they will be perfectly cooked by absorbing moisture and flavors from the sauce while you bake your moussaka.
3. For the sauce: In a large and deep pan or in a saucepan, put the onion, garlic and mushrooms and sauté for a few minutes. Add the wine (or extra water), the lentils, pepper, carrot, parsley, tomatoes, season and simmer over low heat for 35-45 minutes until the lentils soften and the sauce thickens. Finally, pour the nuts, mix and turn off the fire.
4. Assembly: Grease a medium-sized deep baking dish (I used a 29x21x6cm) or use a non-stick cookware. At the bottom arrange the potatoes, slightly overlapping each slice with the next so as not to allow any gaps between them. Pour 1/3 of the sauce over the potato layer and spread it evenly with a spoon. Sprinkle with a handful of cheese or nutritional yeast and continue with the next layer. Arrange the baked eggplants, 1/3 of the sauce, vegan cheese and finally the baked zucchini slices, the rest of the sauce and the rest of the vegan cheese.
5. For the vegan bechamel: In a saucepan, add half of the vegan milk along with the vegan bouillon cubes, nutmeg and pepper and stir over medium heat until the cubes completely dissolve. Add the remaining milk in the blender along with the flour and blend for a few seconds until the flour is dissolved and no lumps are present. Once the milk in the pan comes to a boil, pour the flour mixture in the pan and stir continuously, over low to medium, heat with a wooden spoon for 5-10 minutes until a thick cream is formed.
6. Pour the bechamel over the moussaka, sprinkle immediately with a generous amount of bread crumbs and bake at 200 o C for about an hour or until the surface is golden.
7. Allow the moussaka to cool slightly for half an hour and serve hot.

Vegan μουσακάς λαχανικών με κιμά από φακές και μανιτάρια, ελαφρύς, εύκολος, χωρίς λιπαρά - Vegan, oil-free, easy Greek mousaka - Vegan in Athens

Note: Wash the tomatoes thoroughly and blend them without removing the spores and the peels. That way you will add some extra nutrients in your recipe but most importantly you will add to the taste as it has been found that the umami is hidden in these two parts of the fruit!

For the bechamel we can use any unsweetened plant-based milk but our favorite version is with rice or oat milk.

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Μπριάμ φούρνου ουράνιο τόξο - Rainbow Greek Vegan Briam - Vegan in Athens

Traditional Rainbow Greek Briam

Briam recipe is a famous and delicious vegan Mediterranean recipe, the success of which is based almost entirely on the quality of the ingredients we use. Briam is an example of how freshly picked summer vegetables mixed with herbs, spices, salt and olive oil can be transformed into a mouthwatering summertime dish that everyone will love.

Μπριάμ φούρνου ουράνιο τόξο - Rainbow Greek Vegan Briam - Vegan in Athens

When I have the time, I like to arrange the sliced vegetables in a beautiful, colorful, rainbow-like spiral and then add a generous amount of olive oil, garlic, thyme and parsley. Of course when my time is limited, I just mix all the vegetables, herbs and spices in the pan! It’s just as tasty! My secret to make this vegetable bake mouthwatering, melting in the mouth is to bake it in a baking pan or a casserole with a lid. In that way, all the vegetables are baked evenly in their natural juices without the need to add extra water and they become soft, tender and delicious. Usually we like to eat this dish with a slightly fermented, homemade vegan white cheese or with our favorite vegan tyrokafteri (spicy vegan cheese salad).

Ingredients

  • 3 aubergines of medium size
  • 3 large zucchini
  • 3 bell peppers (choose different colors, eg green, red, yellow)
  • 3 large onions
  • 3 large potatoes, peeled
  • 3 large carrots, peeled
  • 3 large tomatoes
  • 2 cloves of garlic crushed
  • 1 cup finely chopped fresh parsley
  • 1 sprig of fresh thyme
  • ½ – 1 cup olive oil (according to our tastes and habits)
  • 1/2 cup white wine
  • 1 tsp heaped salt
  • 1/2 tsp pepper
  • 1 1/2 tsp heaped curry powder (alternatively use cumin)
  • 1 tbsp. prepared mustard

Method

1. Slice all vegetables with a knife or a vegetable slicer in round slices about one centimeter thick. Lightly salt the eggplants and leave them in a colander for about thirty minutes (to drain the bitter compounds).
2. Arrange the vegetables alternately starting from the edge of the pan and going to the center, if using a round or oval baking pan. If you want you can also use a square baking tray, creating rainbow strips from one end of the tray to the other! The arrangement I like to do is: 2 slices of eggplant – 2 slices of zucchini – 2 slices of potato – 1 slice of tomato – 2 peppers rings – 1 slice of onion. The carrots slices are too small so I just add them in several places in between and above the layers to fill the gaps and add colour!
3. In a bowl, mix the olive oil, salt, mustard, garlic and spices well and pour over the vegetables. Sprinkle with parsley and thyme (if available), cover with the lid and bake at 220 oC for 1 1/2 hour or until the vegetables soften and get a nice color.
Note: In case your pan has no lid, cover with a foil and bake for 1 ½ hour. Then remove the foil and bake for 30 more minutes until they get a nice, appetizing color.

Μπριάμ φούρνου ουράνιο τόξο - Rainbow Greek Vegan Briam - Vegan in Athens

 

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Baked eggplant boats stuffed with split peas and topped with a fragrant bread crumb crust - Βαρκούλες μελιτζάνας φούρνου γεμιστές με φάβα και αρωματική κρούστα ψωμιού - Veganinathens.com

Baked eggplant boats stuffed with fava and topped with an amazing bread crumb crust!

Eggplants are staple vegetables in the Mediterranean cuisine and therefore form the basis for some of the most well-known dishes of the region. Especially when they are freshly picked and in season, they have a mildly sweet taste that can be combined with a variety of fresh ingredients, creating memorable dining experiences. This dish for us is associated with the spring and with some exceptional meals on our balcony.

Baked eggplant boats stuffed with split peas and topped with a fragrant bread crumb crust - Βαρκούλες μελιτζάνας φούρνου γεμιστές με φάβα και αρωματική κρούστα ψωμιού - Vegan in Athens

Ingredients

3 medium-sized eggplants

For the tomato sauce

  • 900 g tomatoes, grated (preferably fresh)
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 1 clove garlic, crushed
  • ½ cup red wine
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • ½ cup chopped parsley
  • ½ cup chopped basil
  • 1 tsp cumin
  • 1 bay leaf
  • salt and freshly ground pepper

Baked eggplant boats stuffed with split peas and topped with a fragrant bread crumb crust - Βαρκούλες μελιτζάνας φούρνου γεμιστές με φάβα και αρωματική κρούστα ψωμιού - Vegan in Athens

For the Greek fava

  • 200 g (1 cup) dried yellow split peas
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 1 clove garlic, crushed
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  •  juice of ½ a lemon
  • salt and freshly ground pepper
  • 3 cups of water

For the bread crumb crust 

  • ½ cup bread crumbs (we used gluten-free bread)
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • a handful of fresh leaves of aromatic herbs such as parsley, basil, green onion leaves , etc
  • salt and freshly ground pepper

Baked eggplant boats stuffed with split peas and topped with a fragrant bread crumb crust - Βαρκούλες μελιτζάνας φούρνου γεμιστές με φάβα και αρωματική κρούστα ψωμιού - Vegan in Athens

Method

1. Cut the eggplants in half, score across 3-4 points internally, sprinkle with salt, leave them for 30 minutes in a colander and rinse.
2. Grease a baking pan, place in the eggplant and brush with olive oil. Season with salt and bake in preheated oven at 200 oC for approximately 35-40 minutes or until they become golden brown and tender.
3. Meanwhile prepare the tomato sauce: In a skillet sauté the onion and garlic in olive oil over medium heat for 2 minutes, add the wine and then the remaining ingredients. Cook over medium heat for 10 minutes.
4. For the split pea puree: Wash the dried split peas in a colander. In the meantime put to boil 3 cups of water and then add the split peas. Remove of the foam formed on the surface, add the garlic, onion, bay leaf, salt and pepper and cook over low heat for 40-45 minutes, stirring frequently (more detailed instructions can be found here). When the fava is ready remove from heat, add the olive oil and lemon juice and stir.
5. For the bread crumb crust: Put all ingredients in a food processor and process for a few seconds until crumbled and mixed.
6. Finishing: Pour the tomato sauce over the baked eggplants. Above each eggplant spread about three tablespoons of fava and sprinkle with the crust mixture. Cover the pan with aluminum foil and bake for 30 minutes at 200 oC. Subsequently remove the foil and continue baking for about 10-15 minutes until they get a golden color. Serve hot accompanied with rice or baked potatoes.

Baked eggplant boats stuffed with split peas and topped with a fragrant bread crumb crust - Βαρκούλες μελιτζάνας φούρνου γεμιστές με φάβα και αρωματική κρούστα ψωμιού - Vegan in Athens

 

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